The History and Heritage of Scientific and Technological Information Systems

The History and Heritage of Scientific and Technological Information Systems

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Emphasis for the second conference on the history of information science systems was on scientific and technical information systems in the period from the Second World War up through the early 1990s. These proceedings present the papers of historians of science and technology, information scientists, and scientists in other fields on a wide range of topics: informatics in chemistry; biology and medicine; information developments in multinational, industrial, and military settings; biographical studies of pioneering individuals; and the transformation of information systems and formats in the twentieth century.File management systems were intended to reduce the cost of producing routine administrative programs and make the ... data base concept itself, were indigenous to the world of administrative data processing, where they had slowly evolved. ... Beginning with General Electrics famous 1954 use of a Uni- vac computer to automate payroll processing (Osborn, ... he or she could either wait for a programmer to become available or wade through the printout tallying records manually.


Title:The History and Heritage of Scientific and Technological Information Systems
Author: W. Boyd Rayward, Mary Ellen Bowden
Publisher:Information Today, Inc. - 2004-01-01
ISBN-13:

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